Sweden is the best place in the world to be old and Afghanistan the worst, according to a UN-backed global study.
The Global AgeWatch Index examined the quality of life of the elderly in 91 nations. Norway and Germany made up the top spots, with the UK in 13th place.
The index warns that many countries do not have adequate support in place for their ageing populations.
By 2050, older people will outnumber under-15s for the first time, with most of the elderly in developing countries.
The Global AgeWatch Index was compiled by the UN Population Fund and advocacy group HelpAge International, and released to mark the UN's Day of Older Persons.
Researchers used 13 different indicators - including income and employment, health provision, education, and environment - in what they said was the first study of kind to be conducted on a global scale.
The study's authors say countries across the world face an ongoing challenge from the rapidly ageing global population.
"The continual exclusion of ageing from national and global agendas is one of the biggest obstacles to meeting the needs of the world's ageing population," says Silvia Stefanoni, the interim chief executive of HelpAge International.
"By giving us a better understanding of the quality of life of women and men as they age, this new index can help us focus our attention on where things are going well and where we have to make improvements."
While Sweden came top, and Afghanistan was placed last, the top 20 was dominated by countries from Western Europe and North America, along with Japan, Australia and Chile.
Wealth was not the only factor considered, and countries such as Sri Lanka, Bolivia and Mauritius were ranked above several richer nations.
Some large fast-developing countries fared worse than others, with Russia (78), India (73) and Turkey (70) receiving a low rank, while Brazil (31) and China (35) were regarded more favourably by the researchers.
Elderly care: How countries rank
- Sweden, Norway and Germany headed the list
- The UK was rated 13th, one place behind Ireland
- The other nations in the top 10 were the Netherlands, Canada, Switzerland, New Zealand, USA, Iceland and Japan
- Afghanistan, Tanzania and Pakistan ranked lowest