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BIO Magazine - Baikonur Cosmodrome Δεκέμβριος 2015
Δεκέμβριος 2015 No38

BIO Space Sciences

Baikonur Cosmodrome
Baikonur Cosmodrome

Baikonur Cosmodrome is located in Kazakhstan east of the Aral Sea (630E, 460N) in the semiarid zone with sharply continental climate.

The Cosmodrome is located sufficiently far away from large centers of population. This fact ensures safety of the launches. Another advantage of the Cosmodrome location is the fact that typical for this place is a great deal of clear days around the year.

The Cosmodrome is connected with other cities and countries by air, rail and automobile transportation. There is an extensive network of motor and railroads on the territory of the Cosmodrome as well.


Town of Baikonur – residential area of the Cosmodrome


SC Uploading at Yubileiniy Airfield

SC offloading at Yubileiniy Airfield

For receipt, temporary storage and standalone processing of payloads (including, if necessary, filling with propellant and compressed gases), as well as for preparation, integration and encapsulation of the Space Head Module (SHM), ISC Kosmotras offers an Assembly, Integration and Test Building (AITB), Fueling Station and office premises located at Site 31 of the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

AITB, Site 31 is composed of three main areas: А, В and С.

Area A (Class 100,000 clean room) is designed for payload standalone processing. Area B (Class 100,000 clean room) is designed for SHM integration. Area C is used for receipt and temporary storage of the satellite and GSE containers, receipt of head fairing and payload adapter, as well as for handling operations to include the loading of the integrated SHM into transporter-emplacer for transportation to the launch pad.

The AITB is equipped with Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) as well as necessary utilities such as heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, water supply, sewage, fire and security alarm and communications.

The Fueling Station is located in close vicinity to the AITB and is designed for payload filling with liquid propellant and gasses.

The customer’s offices are equipped with local and international telephone/facsimile communications, Internet access, air-conditioners, ventilation and fire alarm. Offices have necessary furniture and office supplies.

SHM integration

Customer’s launch campaign teams and guests can stay in Sputnik, Baikonur and Kosmonavt hotels that are located in isolated access-controlled campuses located in northern part of Baikonur town.

All hotel rooms offer TV sets, refrigerators and bath-rooms. Deluxe accommodations feature separate bed-rooms and office areas.

VIP accommodation is offered at 4-star Sputnik hotel. Whilst at Cosmodrome, police escort of convoys can be arranged.

Kosmonavt Hotel


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