A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Only variable references should be returned by reference

Filename: core/Common.php

Line Number: 257

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/biomagaz/cwcms_core/system/core/Exceptions.php:185)

Filename: core/Security.php

Line Number: 188

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/biomagaz/cwcms_core/system/core/Exceptions.php:185)

Filename: libraries/Session.php

Line Number: 672

BIO Magazine - Nobel Prize Winners for Physiology or Medicine Δεκέμβριος 2015
Δεκέμβριος 2015 No38

BIO Biography

Nobel Prize Winners for Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize Winners for Physiology or Medicine

1901

Emil A. von Behring

Germany

1902

Sir Ronald Ross

Great Britain

1903

Niels R. Finsen

Denmark

1904

Ivan P. Pavlov

Russia

1905

Robert Koch

Germany

1906

Camillo Golgi
Santiago Ramon y Cajal

Italy
Spain

1907

Charles L. A. Laveran

France

1908

Paul Ehrlich
Elie Metchnikoff

Germany
France

1909

Emil Theodor Kocher

Switzerland

1910

Albrecht Kossel

Germany

1911

Allvar Gullstrand

Sweden

1912

Alexis Carrel

France

1913

Charles R. Richet

France

1914

Robert Barany

Austria

1915

   

1916

   

1917

   

1918

   

1919

Jules Bordet

Belgium

1920

Schack A. S. Krogh

Demmark

1921

   

1922

Archibald V. Hill
Otto F. Meyerhof

Great Britain
Germany

1923

Frederick G. Banting
John J. R. Macleod

Canada
Scotland

1924

Willem Einthoven

Netherlands

1925

   

1926

Johannes A. G. Fibiger

Danmark

1927

Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Austria

1928

Charles J. H. Nicolle

France

1929

Christiaan Eijkman
Sir Frederick G. Hopkins

Netherlands
Great Britain

1930

Karl Landsteiner

United States

1931

Otto H. Warburg

Germany

1932

Edgar D. Adrian
Sir Charles S. Sherrington

Great Britain
Great Britain

1933

Thomas H. Morgan

United States

1934

George R. Minot
William P. Murphy
G. H. Whipple

United States
United States
United States

1935

Hans Spemann

Germany

1936

Sir Henry H. Dale
Otto Loewi

Great Britain
United States

1937

Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

Hungary - United States

1938

Corneille J. F. Heymans

Belgium

1939

Gerhard Domagk

Germany

1940

   

1941

   

1942

   

1943

Henrik C. P. Dam
Edward A. Doisy

Denmark
United States

1944

Joseph Erlanger
Herbert S. Gasser

United States
United States

1945

Ernst B. Chain
Sir Alexander Fleming
Sir Howard W. Florey

Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain

1946

Hermann J. Muller

United States

1947

Carl F. Cori
Gerty T. Cori
Bernardo A. Houssay

United States
United States
Argentina

1948

Paul H. Müller

Switzerland

1949

Walter R. Hess
Antonio Moniz

Switzerland
Portugal

1950

Philip S. Hench
Edward C. Kendall
Tadeus Reichstein

United States
United States
Switzerland

1951

Max Theiler

United States

1952

Selman A. Waksman

United States

1953

Sir Hans A. Krebs
Fritz A. Lipmann

Great Britain
United States

1954

John F. Enders
Frederick C. Robbins
Thomas H. Weller

United States
United States
United States

1955

Alex H. T. Theorell

Sweden

1956

André F. Cournand
Dickinson W. Richards, Jr.
Werner Forssmann

United States
United States
Germany

1957

Daniel Bovet

Italy

1958

George W. Beadle
Edward L. Tatum
Joshua Lederberg

United States
United States
United States

1959

Arthur Kornberg
Severo Ochoa

United States
United States

1960

Sir F. MacFarlane Burnet
Peter B. Medawar

Australia
Great Britain

1961

Georg von Békésy

United States

1962

Francis H. C. Crick
Maurice H. F. Wilkins
James D. Watson

Great Britain
Great Britain
United States

1963

Sir John C. Eccles
Alan L. Hodgkin
Andrew F. Huxley

Australia
Great Britain
Great Britain

1964

Konrad E. Bloch
Feodor Lynen

United States
Germany

1965

Francois Jacob
André Lwoff
Jacques Monod

France
France
France

1966

Charles B. Huggins
Francis Peyton Rous

United States
United States

1967

Ragnar Granit
Haldan Keffer Hartline
George Wald

Sweden
United States
United States

1968

Robert W. Holley
H. Gobind Khorana
Marshall W. Nirenberg

United States
United States
United States

1969

Max Delbrück
Alfred D. Hershey
Salvador Luria

United States
United States
United States

1970

Julius Axelrod
Sir Bernard Katz
Ulf von Euler

United States
Great Britain
Sweden

1971

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.

United States

1972

Gerald M. Edelman
Rodney R. Porter

United States
Great Britain

1973

Karl von Frisch
Konrad Lorenz
Nikolaas Tinbergen

Germany
Germany - Austria
Great Britain

1974

Albert Claude
George Emil Palade
Christian Rene de Duve

Luxembourg - United States
Romania - United States
Belgium

1975

David Baltimore
Howard Temin
Renato Dulbecco

United States
United States
Italy - United States

1976

Baruch S. Blumberg
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

United States
United States

1977

Rosalyn S. Yalow
Roger C. L. Guillemin
Andrew V. Schally

United States
United States
United States

1978

Daniel Nathans
Hamilton O. Smith
Werner Arber

United States
United States
Switzerland

1979

Allan M. Cormack
Godfrey N. Hounsfield

United States
Great Britain

1980

Baruj Benacerraf
George Snell
Jean Dausset

United States
United States
France

1981

Roger W. Sperry
David H. Hubel
Tosten N. Wiesel

United States
United States
United States

1982

Sune Bergström
Bengt Samuelsson
John R. Vane

Sweden
Sweden
Great Britain

1983

Barbara McClintock

United States

1984

César Milstein
Georges J. F. Köhler
Niels K. Jerne

Great Britain - Argentina
Germany
Great Britain - Denmark

1985

Michael S. Brown
Joseph L. Goldstein

United States
United States

1986

Rita Levi-Montalcini
Stanley Cohen

Italy - United States
United States

1987

Susumu Tonegawa

Japan

1988

Gertrude B. Elion
George H. Hitchings
Sir James Black

United States
United States
Great Britain

1989

J. Michael Bishop
Harold E. Varmus

United States
United States

1990

Joseph E. Murray
E. Donnall Thomas

United States
United States

1991

Edwin Neher
Bert Sakmann

Germany
Germany

1992

Edmond H. Fisher
Edwin G. Krebs

United States
United States

1993

Phillip A. Sharp
Richard J. Roberts

United States
Great Britain

1994

Alfred G. Gilman
Martin Rodbell

United States
United States

1995

Edward B. Lewis
Eric F. Wieschaus
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

United States
United States
Germany

1996

Peter C. Doherty
Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Australia
Switzerland

1997

Stanley B. Prusiner

United States

1998

Robert F. Furchgott
Louis J. Ignarro
Ferid Murad

United States
United States
United States

1999

Günter Blobel

United States

2000

Arvid Carlsson
Paul Greengard
Eric Kandel

Sweden
United States
United States

2001

Leland H. Hartwell
Tim Hunt
Sir Paul M. Nurse

United States
United Kingdom
United Kingdom

2002

Sydney Brenner
H. Robert Horvitz
John E. Sulston

United Kingdom
United States
United Kingdom

2003

Paul C. Lauterbur
Sir Peter Mansfield

United States
United Kingdom

2004

Richard Axel
Linda B. Buck

United States
United States

2005

Barry J. Marshall
J. Robin Warren

Australia
Australia

2006

Andrew Z. Fire
Craig C. Mello

United States
United States

2007

Mario R. Capecchi
Sir Martin J. Evans
Oliver Smithies

United States
United Kingdom
United States

2008

Harald zur Hausen
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
Luc Montagnier

Germany
France
France

2009

Elizabeth H. Blackburn
Carol W. Greider
Jack W. Szostak

United States
United States
United States

2010

Robert G. Edwards

Great Britain

2011

Bruce A. Beutler
Jules A. Hoffmann
Ralph M. Steinman

United States
Luxembourg
Canada

<< Επιστροφή στην λίστα

© BIO | info@biomagazine.gr

Powered by CreativeWorks