Cuba has a long agricultural tradition as an exporter of crops produced under conditions of monoculture and natural resource extraction (Le Riverend, 1970; Moreno Fraginals, 1978; Marrero, 1974-1984). Practiced over approximately four centuries, these agricultural patterns have caused an enormous negative environmental impact on soils, biodiversity, and forest cover (Funes-Monzote, 2004). However, during the last decade agricultural development has been reoriented (Rosset and Benjamin, 1994; Funes et al., 2002; Wright, 2005). Undoubtedly, today agricultural production in Cuba is more self-sufficient and concerned, as never before, with environmental protection. In 1994, the National Programme for Environment and Development (The Cuban adoption of the Agenda 21) was designed, and two years later the National Environmental Strategy approved (CITMA, 1997; Urquiza and Gutiérrez, 2003). In 1997 "The Cuban Law of Environment", become the environmental protection policy of the State (Gaceta Oficial, 1997). Although environmental protection is still low in practice, legal support for preserving environment is very useful for present and future agriculture sustainable strategies.
http://campus.usal.es/~ehe/Papers/Microsoft Word - Towards sustainable agriculture in Cuba 1st August.pdf